High Impact Teaching Strategies

High Impact Teaching Strategies

What are High Impact Teaching Strategies?

High Impact Teaching Strategies (HITS) is a document published by the Department of Education and Training, Melbourne in June 2017. It details the top ten evidence-based teaching strategies (based on their effect sizes).

This is exciting news for EBP Education and for teachers across the state of Victoria. It is a clear acknowledgement that the research-practice gap exists and the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development are providing clear guidance to close the gap. It's a great start that we at EBP Education hope will continue to be developed further.

When implemented with fidelity, the HITS are teaching strategies that directly improve student outcomes. The HITS constitute the top ten most effective instructional practices. They are as follows;

  1. Setting goals
  2. Structuring lessons
  3. Explicit teaching
  4. Worked examples
  5. Collaborative teaching
  6. Multiple exposures
  7. Questioning
  8. Feedback
  9. Metacognitive strategies
  10. Differentiated teaching

What is the research behind them and how did this document come into being?

Victoria, Australia prides itself on being The Education State. These HITS are certainly a step forward in raising education standards in the state. There are direct links to show that research based education practices vastly improve student outcomes - read more about evidence-based practices in EBP Education’s whitepaper; https://ebpeducation.myshopify.com/blogs/news/the-exceptional-teacher-edition-1 and listen to the podcast’s including discussions from real teachers and their practice.

The top ten HITS are based on the work of John Hattie, Melbourne University and Robert Marzano, Marzano Research, Colorado. The production of HITS is a reflection of the growing conversation about the use of evidence-based practice in education. John Hattie analysed over 800 practices, strategies and programs in education and gave their effectiveness a rating as depicted by his barometer of influences.

Why are they important?

The HITS are important because all of the strategies are backed by multiple studies that have been analysed in meta-analyses by John Hattie and have been found to have large effect sizes when used in the classroom. This means that as a teacher you can use these strategies and be sure that they are based in evidence, therefore if replicated in your classroom with fidelity you will see increased student outcomes.

This is a welcome recognition by the Education State that as a teacher it is necessary to use evidence in your classroom to ensure that you are doing the best you can for your students.

To view the High Impact Teaching Strategies document click on the following link:


How does this help teachers?

Life as a teacher is a very busy one where the majority of time is spent doing what is most important: teaching students. With planning, assessment and meetings, little time is left for research. Therefore a document like this to refer to is a great initial guide for teachers but it is just the tip of the iceberg, at EBP Education we aim to provide information on the available evidence for the myriad of teaching strategies and programs that there are available to teachers and schools to make your job easier so you know what works and what doesn’t. This way you can refine your practice in the most time effective way.

Have a look at our website for further information -


And read our growing number of blogs for the latest news that highlights the best of educational practices -